The Reproductive Medicine Unit, RMU, helps couples who have problems in having a baby. There are many reasons why some couples may have difficulty in having a baby. For example, in the woman, these may be:

Oral Surgery department is dedicated to treating the inside of the mouth. Ulcers and cancer of the tongue or mouth are two common oral problems treated here.

  • Damaged tubes going to the uterus – Fallopian tubes
  • Eggs not ready each month – irregular ovulation/egg production
  • Lining of the womb being deposited on the ovaries or inside the lower abdomen – endometriosis
  • Uterine problems
  • Abnormal hormones

With the man, there may be problems with sperm – number of sperm (quantity) or how good it is (the quality)

Some of these problems may be treated by a simple treatment, while others may need more specific and advanced treatment like In Vitro Fertilization (IVF).

Very often, the tests and treatment may take a few months to more than a year. The length of time for the tests can be hard and adds to problem as most couples want to have a baby as soon as possible.

  • Tests to see why a couple cannot have a baby
  • Semen assessment, preparation and freezing
  • Treatments to help to have a baby
  • Surgery to look inside the lady using a telescope to see if there are any problems – Laparoscopic surgery for infertility
  • Surgery to make the tubes open – Microscopic tubal surgery
  • Helping the lady to release an egg using tablets or injections- Ovulation induction
  • Helping to put the egg and sperm together in the lady – Intrauterine insemination
  • Joining the egg and sperm together outside the lady and then putting the embryo (baby-to-be) inside the lady – Assisted Reproductive Techniques including In Vitro Fertilization, Gamete Intra fallopian Transfer and intracytoplasmic sperm injection
  • Blastocyst culture and transfer
  • Keeping the little embryos/babies in a test-tube to use later – Embryo freezing
  • Tests to find problems in the baby before the baby is born – Antenatal diagnosis for haematological conditions like Thalassemia and Sickle cell disease